As any medical professional would tell you, a herniated disc happens once one of the rubbery cushions between the vertebrae, or the disc, pushes out through a crack. Often, a herniated disc causes irritation in nearby nerves, thus resulting in pain, numbness, or weakness in your arms or legs.
Unfortunately, you might find a hard time determining the exact cause of your herniated disc. As any doctor would tell you, there are actually three common reasons why a disc pushes out or bulges from the vertebrae.
Wear and Tear
In its essence, discs are made to absorb shock from movements, including walking, bending, and twisting. Though it does its best to help you move, your discs are still susceptible to wear and tear over time. This particular phenomenon is also known as disc degeneration.
This happens when the annulus fibrous, or the tough outer layer of a disc, begins to weaken. Consequently, the nucleus puplosus, or the jelly-like inner layer of a disc, begins to push through.
Herniated discs may happen to you sooner than you thought. It’s possible for you to herniate a disc due to a sudden, jerking movement that puts too much pressure on the disc. You can also experience pain from a herniated disc by lifting a heavy object the wrong way and by twisting your back to extremes.
A Combination of Injuries and Degeneration
It’s also possible that, due to wear and tear, a traumatic event can make you even more prone to herniation. On the other hand, your back might be subjected to a seemingly simple event on a regular basis, like sneezing. Surprisingly, something as simple as this can cause a herniated disc, especially if you have an already-weakened disc.
The Different Forms of a Damaged Disc
Whatever the cause, your disc can manifest different forms of damage. For instance, your disc may bulge, with the gel pushed out slightly from the disc and evenly distributed around the circumference. Protrusion is also a form of disc damage, wherein the gel is pushed out slightly and asymmetrically in different places. Finally, with extrusion, the gel balloons extensively into the area outside the vertebrae or, worse, completely breaks off from the disc.
Fortunately, you can find disc pain relief in Paramus, NJ through alternative means. Clinics like MedWell Spine, OsteoArthritis & Neuropathy Center, for one, offer spinal decompression therapy to Northern NJ patients, an FDA-approved and non-surgical therapy that helps in relieving pain from a herniated disc. With such procedures, you can finally live a pain-free life in the years to come.
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Causes of a Herniated Disc, Spine Universe
Herniated Disk In-Depth Report, The New York Times