Neuropathy is quite a broad term that covers diseases and dysfunctions of the different types of nerves in the body. Sensory nerves control sensation, and if damaged can lead to tingling, pain, weakness and numbness in feet or hand. On the other hand, motor nerves allow movement and power, and if damaged they can cause weakness in the hands and feet.
Autonomic nerves control the systems of the body such as bladder and gut. If damaged, these nerves can cause changes in the heart rate and blood pressure. The term mononeuropathy refers to a single nerve being damaged or affected while the term polyneuropathy refers to multiple nerves being affected at the same time.
What Causes Neuropathy?
It is estimated that approximately 30 percent of all neuropathies are idiopathic or do not have a known cause. Different conditions can lead to peripheral neuropathy, with diabetes regarded as among the most common causes.
On the other hand, deficiencies of folate or Vitamin B12 can cause nerve damage as well. Many drugs of extreme nature such as chemotherapy medications or medicines used to treat HIV can also cause peripheral neuropathy. Other common causes include toxic substances in the body, cancer, excess usage of alcohol, chronic liver disease, and the like.
Treatment Options for Neuropathy
The goal of most treatment facilities is to help manage the condition and to provide neuropathy pain relief in Northern NJ. Treatment options can range from medications such as over the counter pain relievers, anti-seizure medications, or drugs containing opioids and the like. Doctors may also prescribe topical creams that has capsaicin, a substance found in hot peppers known to improve nerve condition. Antidepressants are also among the medications that the doctor may prescribe.
Another procedure for treating neuropathy in Paramus, NJ involves transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in which electrodes are placed on the skin to deliver an electric current of varying frequencies. Some other notable methods for treatments are plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin. In some cases, doctors may recommend physical therapies that may not require medications when treating neuropathy.
Before considering any of the various forms of neuropathy treatments, it is always best to consult with the professionals. This will enable you to identify some key causes of the condition, thereby helping you find the most effective form of pain relief.
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Neuropathy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments